Costs associated with acute respiratory illness and select virus infections in hospitalized children, El Salvador and Panama, 2012–2013

Costs associated with acute respiratory illness and select virus infections in hospitalized children, El Salvador and Panama, 2012–2013

Jara JH, Azziz-Baumgartner E, De Leon T, Luciani K, sujey Brizuela Y, Estripeaut D, Castillo JM, Barahona A, Corro M, Cazares R, Vergara O, Rauda R, González R, Franco D, Widdowson MA, Clará W, Alvis-Estrada JP, Murray CT, Ortega-Sanchez IR, Dawood FS. Costs associated with acute respiratory illness and select virus infections in hospitalized children, El Salvador and Panama, 2012-2013. Journal of Infection, 79(2):108-114, 2019

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jinf.2019.05.021

Description

Abstract

Background and objectives

Although acute respiratory illness (ARI) is a leading cause of hospitalization among young children, few data are available about cost of hospitalization in middle-income countries. We estimated direct and indirect costs associated with severe ARI resulting in hospitalization among children aged <10 years in El Salvador and Panama through the societal perspective.

Methods

During 2012 and 2013, we surveyed caregivers of children hospitalized with ARI about their direct medical (i.e., outpatient consultation, medications, hospital fees), non-medical (transportation, childcare), and indirect costs (lost wages) at discharge and 7 days after discharge. We multiplied subsidized hospital bed costs derived from administrative data by hospitalization days to estimate provider costs.

Results

Overall, 638 children were enrolled with a median age of 12 months (IQR 6–23). Their median length of hospitalization was 4 days (IQR 3–6). In El Salvador, caregivers incurred a median of US$38 (IQR 22–72) in direct and indirect costs per illness episode, while the median government-paid hospitalization cost was US$118 (IQR 59–384) generating an overall societal cost of US$219 (IQR 101–416) per severe ARI episode. In Panama, caregivers incurred a median of US$75 (IQR 39–135) in direct and indirect costs, and the health-care system paid US$280 (IQR 150–420) per hospitalization producing an overall societal cost of US$393 (IQR 258–552).

Conclusions

The cost of severe ARI to caregivers and the health care system was substantive. Our estimates will inform models to estimate national costs of severe ARI and cost-benefit of prevention and treatment strategies.

Reviews

There are no reviews yet.